What has Research about the Science of Successful Learning taught us about Making It Stick?
Brown, Roediger & McDaniel (2014) identified 6 Research-based Principles and Strategies for committing information to long-term memory and increasing the probability of retrieving it as applicable knowledge:
➔ (1) Rereading text and massed practice are ineffective
➔ (2) Active retrieval interrupts forgetting
➔ (3) Create a mental model for new knowledge that connects to larger context and prior knowledge
A conceptual approach to active information processing and retrieval helps interrupt forgetting and deepen your understanding. Conceptual Mapping helps you:
- Synthesize the big picture,
- Do a deep dive where you need to be more granular,
- Establish simple-complex relationships and hierarchies,
- Identify gaps, and
- Try a variety of Conceptual Mapping tools:
1. Concept Map Anywhere!
All you need is any blank “canvas”: scrap paper, notebook, white board, etc.
2. Concept Map Online: Search for a Variety of Free and Subscription Software Apps
3. Try this Free Online Concept Mapping Tool by Google: Coggle
(Click icon above to watch introductory video)
➔ (4) Space out practice and interleave subjects
There is a minimum of 3 levels of time management for the semester:
- Semester: Major Deadlines
- Week: Logistical
- Daily: Individual Tasks
Think strategically before, during and after coursework
- Office Hours: Professor and Teaching Assistant
- Meals and Snacks
- Self-Care Activities (e.g. exercise, therapy/counseling, health care, etc.)
- Extra-curricular, volunteer and social activities
➔ (5) Extract underlying principles that differentiate problem types to prepare for unfamiliar problems/situations
➔ (6) Try problems before being taught solution
As you prepare weekly problem sets for class, recitation or online submission, OR before you compare your sample prior exam answers, step back and take time to:
- Evaluate and differentiate types of problem by concept categories.
- Allot an equivalent/appropriate amount of time by rigor/complexity level.
- Pin point conditional problem scenario terms, such as: ALL, NOT, EXCEPT, BUT, AND, IN ALL CASES, etc.
- Review ETS’ GRE Problem-Solving Strategies
- Review our prior Blog on 6-Hours Per Week for Solving Problem Sets