What has Research about the Science of Successful Learning taught us about Making It Stick?
Brown, Roediger & McDaniel (2014) identified 6 Research-based Principles and Strategies for committing information to long-term memory and increasing the probability of retrieving it as applicable knowledge:
➔ (1) Rereading text and massed practice are ineffective.
➔ (2) Instead, active retrieval interrupts forgetting.
➔ (3) Create a mental model for new knowledge that connects to larger context and prior knowledge:
A conceptual approach to active information processing and retrieval helps interrupt forgetting and deepen your understanding. Conceptual Mapping helps you:
- Synthesize the big picture,
- Do a deep dive where you need to be more granular,
- Establish simple-complex relationships and hierarchies,
- Identify gaps, and
- Try a variety of Conceptual Mapping tools:
Concept Map Anywhere!
All you need is any blank “canvas”: scrap paper, notebook, white board, etc.
Concept Map Online: Search for a Variety of Free and Subscription Software Apps
Try this Free Online Concept Mapping Tool by Google: Coggle
(Click icon above to watch introductory video)
➔ (4) Space out practice and interleave subjects
There is a minimum of 3 levels of time management for the semester:
- Semester: Major Deadlines
- Week: Logistical
- Daily: Individual Tasks
Think strategically before, during and after coursework
- Office Hours: Professor and Teaching Assistant
- Meals and Snacks
- Self-Care Activities (e.g. exercise, therapy/counseling, health care, etc.)
- Extra-curricular, volunteer and social activities
➔ (5) Extract underlying principles that differentiate problem types to prepare for unfamiliar problems/situations
As you prepare weekly problem sets for class, recitation or online submission, OR before you compare your sample prior exam answers, step back and take time to:
- Evaluate and differentiate types of problem by concept categories: 1) Conceptual Problems or 2) Algorithmic Problems.
- Try problems before being taught solution
- Allot an equivalent/appropriate amount of time by rigor/complexity level.
- Pin point conditional problem scenario terms, such as: ALL, NOT, EXCEPT, BUT, AND, IN ALL CASES, etc.
- Review ETS’ GRE Problem-Solving Strategies
- Review our prior Blog on 6-Hours Per Week for Solving Problem Sets